Learn how you
can help our Preservation Fund

A Brief History of the James House
* about our plans to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Benjamin & Susanna's wedding - and the completion of the exterior restoration - with a re-enactment of the wedding ceremony at the James House on July 23, 2002.

Benjamin James arrived in Hampton from Newbury, Massachusetts in about 1690, to learn the trade of weaver. Apprenticed to John Stockbridge, young Benjamin was only 17. When his apprenticeship was completed, Benjamin James married Susanna Smith, daughter of John Smith, the tailor, on July 23, 1702*

On November 20, 1705, Benjamin James purchased from Zechariah Brackett, also a weaver, four acres of upland on the Drakeside. Tradition (sometimes unreliable) has it that he built a small house there in 1707. There is some evidence to support the claim, according to Robert Pothier, a master craftsman specializing in First Period restoration, that the ell attached to the main house is that first structure.

Not long after, Benjamin James built the present house, facing south toward the salt marshes and running from the Drakeside to the sawmill on Taylor River. Benjamin was a hardworking, ambitious farmer and weaver. There can be no doubt that he became prosperous by 1723 in order to build such a large house with so many fine features.

Benjamin's son, Jabez, also trained to become a weaver, set up a loom by his father's. Together, they established a flourishing business. Jabez' son Joshua also trained to follow in his father's and grandfather's footsteps, to become a weaver. During the Revolutionary War, Joshua served on a committee in 1775 to gather twenty-three blankets to meet the town's quota, which were delivered to the Continental Army then quartered at Cambridge. Some may have come from the James' looms.

Later, Joshua, of the third generation, made the first alterations to the house. Between 1790 and 1800 - or thereabout - a vestibule in the Federal style was added to the front entry. Likely done by Joshua's son Edmund, who had recently completed apprenticeship as a house joiner, its Federal style windows still remain.

Captain Edmund inherited the house along with the loom and warping bars, but he did not follow the family trade of weaving. As a house-joiner Edmund introduced finely finished work in the Federal style throughout the house, some of which remains. His inventoy lists a joiner's bench and "many saws". A shareholder in Coffin's mill, he took his turn there as a sawyer.

Are you a descendant of Benjamin James? and exchange genealogies!

Edmund's son Joshua II apprenticed as a carpenter, and he inherited his father's share at Coffin's saw mill. At his premature death in 1858 the property was left to his wife Martha Ann, who made the most sweeping alterations to the house. During this period the massive central chimney was removed, thereby opening up the formerly cramped entry (known then as the porch) into a spacious hall. A straight-run, easy climb stairway, in mid-Victorian style, ascended to the second story. Two narrow, widely spaced chimneys were built to accommodate wood-burning stoves, a new and better way of heating.

Joshua II's widow Martha Ann carried on farming by raising hogs. There is evidence that their son Joshua Edmund and his wife Jennie earned their living with a small dairy farm around the turn of the twentieth century. They were responsible for the installing the Victorian style windows, replacing the Federal windows. Joshua E.'s health began to fail, and by 1922 he had suffered his fourth paralytic stroke. Finances, of course, had become severely strained.

Their son, J. Hale did not choose to earn his living by farming. Although not able to run the farm during his father's illness, he helped his parents maintain it in other ways. However, in 1930, at age 42, J. Hale died suddenly from a massive stroke. Left with no heirs, Jennie had no choice but to sell the James farm, its pastures, woodland, and marshes, to the Winfred L. Campbell family. After two hundred and twenty-six years, the ancestral acres left the James family forever.

A brief history of seacoast New Hampshire, home of the James House >

website donated by
© 2024 James House Association
webhost donated by